Think Tank Rand Says Crypto Should Be Included in US-Japan Digital Trade Deal

Think Tank Rand Says Crypto Should Be Included in US-Japan Digital Trade Deal

Cryptocurrencies should be written into a major Japan-U.S. trade agreement inked in 2019, according to experts from a prominent think tank.

In a blog post on Wednesday, senior policy analyst Sale Lilly and senior political scientist Scott Harold of the RAND Corporation said the deal was a missed opportunity for the crypto industry.

“Given that some of the earliest cryptocurrency markets began in Japan, and that many of the largest companies originate in the U.S., this decision was somewhat surprising,” the pair wrote.

The 2019 agreement was a “landmark” document touching on a number of topics that had yet to make an appearance in previous international trade discussions.

Digital representations of a photo, movie, or song as well as trading an algorithm now formulate components of bilateral trade covered by the agreement which prevents the creation of new tariffs between the two countries.

With the beginnings of new political regimes in Washington and Tokyo, it may be time to reconsider the exclusion of crypto in the deal, Lilly and Harold wrote.

The art of the deal

The deal, which was inked during Donald Trump’s presidency and ahead of other major international digital trade agreements, is “especially prescient” given it came right before the outbreak of COVID-19, the pair said.

Though, as it stands, there is no mention of cryptos and only some aspects of blockchain may land within the remit of the tariff-free structure.

“The reality … is that blockchain systems are often deployed alongside better-established networks, like Ethereum or Cardano, that do employ tokens and digital currency,” they said.

Concerns arise from the potential to retroactively tack tariffs onto budding blockchain and crypto businesses as long as cryptos remain excluded from the agreement.

To rectify this, Lilly and Harold said the U.S. and Japan could formulate a new agreement covering crypto and digital assets or else reinterpret the terms of the 2019 agreement.

RAND’s approach and analysis of cryptos have changed significantly in recent years given their development amid significant regulatory evolutions in the space. In 2015, the think tank released a 100-page report focusing on scenarios in which entities in conflict zones could seek to use a digital currency for nefarious means.

“A clear, jointly-negotiated U.S.-Japan agreement toward regulating the use of cryptocurrencies in international trade may be an idea whose time has come,” Lilly and Harold wrote.


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